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Chatman v. Garvin

United States District Court, E.D. Oklahoma

September 24, 2019

DARRYL D. CHATMAN, Plaintiff,
v.
JEREMY GARVIN and LACY ROSSON, Defendants.

          OPINION AND ORDER

          RONALD A. WHITE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         This action is before the Court on Defendants’ motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff is a pro se prisoner in the custody of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections (DOC) who is incarcerated at William S. Key Correctional Center in Fort Supply, Oklahoma. The defendants are Jeremy Garvin, Muskogee County Jail Administrator, and Lacy Rossen, Muskogee County Jail Commissary Supervisor.

         Plaintiff brought this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, seeking damages for alleged constitutional violations at the Muskogee County Jail in Muskogee, Oklahoma. The Court has before it for consideration Plaintiff’s complaint (Dkt. 1), Defendants’ motion (Dkt. 40), Plaintiff’s response to the motion (Dkt. 43), and Defendants’ reply (Dkt. 44).

         Background

         Plaintiff alleges that when he was booked into the Muskogee County Jail on August 14, 2015, he had in his possession a “1500 necklace” and two cell phones. Upon his release, however, the necklace and one of his phones were missing. A couple of days later, Defendant Garvin contacted Plaintiff to advise him that the phone had been located, but the necklace had not. Plaintiff retrieved the phone.

         Plaintiff further alleges that a couple of months later, the person responsible for the theft was criminally charged. Plaintiff contends Defendant Garvin, as jail administrator, should have trained his staff better, because the necklace and phone went missing from an area where the staff worked.

         Plaintiff asserts that when he later returned to the jail on a writ, he had $1, 385 on his inmate account, however, he did not receive the funds by the time he left the facility on September 2, 2016. He, therefore, contacted Defendants Garvin and Rosson. Rossen said she had mailed Plaintiff’s money to him at Davis Correctional Facility in Holdenville, Oklahoma. Plaintiff, however, did not receive the check.

         Plaintiff subsequently returned to the Muskogee County Jail on another writ, where he learned that Defendant Rosson had mistakenly mailed the check for his funds to a federal inmate in Cleveland, Ohio. The federal inmate had cashed the check and spent about $600. Plaintiff eventually was reimbursed for the money in his inmate account.

         Standard of Review

         Summary judgment is appropriate when “there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). A dispute is genuine if the evidence is such that “a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). A fact is material if it “might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law.” Id. In making this determination, “[t]he evidence of the non-movant is to be believed, and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in his favor.” Id. at 255. A party opposing a motion for summary judgment, however, may not simply allege there are disputed issues of fact; rather, the party must support its assertions by citing to the record or by showing the moving party cannot produce admissible evidence to support the fact. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). Thus, the inquiry for this Court is “whether the evidence presents a sufficient disagreement to require submission to a jury or whether it is so one-sided that one party must prevail as a matter of law.” Anderson, 477 U.S. at 251-52.

         Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies[1]

         Defendants allege Plaintiff has failed to exhaust the administrative remedies for any of his claims. “No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.” 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Inmates are required to exhaust available administrative remedies, and suits filed before the exhaustion requirement is met must be dismissed. Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 740-41 (2001); Yousef v. Reno, 254 F.3d 1214, 1216 n.1 (10th Cir. 2001). “An inmate who begins the grievance process but does not complete it is barred from pursuing a § 1983 claim under PLRA for failure to exhaust his administrative remedies.” Jernigan v. Stuchell, 304 F.3d 1030, 1032 (10th Cir. 2002) (citation omitted).

         Defendants assert the Muskogee County Jail has a grievance procedure in place to address inmate complaints, and all inmates have access to the procedure through the Muskogee County Jail inmate handbook. A thorough review of Plaintiff’s jail file indicates he filed no grievances during or after his incarceration at the jail with respect to the theft of his property or the funds in his inmate account. (Dkt. 40-5).

         Plaintiff admitted in his deposition that he did not file any grievances concerning his lost property, and he could not remember whether he had filed a grievance about his inmate account funds. (Dkt. 40-1 at 6-7, 22). He further admitted that when he was incarcerated in Muskogee, he knew there was a grievance system, however, he was frustrated and angry about his necklace and money, and he was “just really stretched out about the cases [he] was fighting.” Id. at 22. The ...


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